SCIENCE IN PERSPECTIVE OF M. QURAISH SHIHAB

Charles Rangkuti

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to analyze aspects of science in the perspective of M. Quraish Shihab. The method used in this research is the character study method, which is a study of the concept of thought of M. Quraish Shihab related to science. This type of research is library research. The approach used in this research is the historical approach. There are three aspects of science found in the thought of M. Quraish Shihab, namely ontology, epistemology and axiology. Related to the concept of science ontology, M. Quraish Shihab argues that the most real thing to be used as an object of knowledge is God, because God is the cause of all causes. Whereas the epistemology of science, he argues that the five senses, mind and heart are tools as well as sources or tools that can be used by humans in seeking knowledge. There are scientific methods in seeking knowledge, namely the ijbari and ‘irfāni methods. In the ‘irfāni method there is intuition, lad ladunni science, hunches, dreams and revelations. The measurement of the truth of knowledge obtained by various methods is revelation. As for the axiology of science, Shihab believes that a scientist must maintain the ethics of a scientist and always involve God in the process and results of the search for knowledge.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Asari, Hasan. Sejarah Pendidikan Islam: Membangun Relevansi Masa Lalu dengan Masa Kini dan Masa Depan. Medan: Perdana Publishing, 2018.

Bakhtiar, Amsal. Filsafat Ilmu, cet. 12 Jakarta: Raja Grafindo, 2013.

Iqbal, Muhammad. Etika Politik Qur’ani: Penafsiran M. Quraish Shihab Terhadap Ayat-Ayat Kekuasaan. Medan: Iain Press, 2010.

Ichwan, Mohammad Nor. Prof M. Quraish Shihab Membincang Persoalan Gender. Semarang: RaSAIL Media Group, 2013.

Ja’far, & Al Rasyidin. Filsafat Ilmu Dalam Tradisi Islam. Medan: Perdana Publishing, 2015.

Kartanegara, Mulyadhi. Menyibak Tirai Kejahilan: Pengantar Epistemologi Islam, Bandung: Mizan, 2003.

___________________. Mengislamkan Nalar: Sebuah Respons Terhadap Modernitas.Jakarta:Erlangga, 2007.

Nasution, Harun, Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya, Jakarta: UI-Press, 2011.

P, Mustafa. M. Quraish Shihab Membumikan Kalam di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2010.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Membumikan al-Qur’an:Fungsi dan Kedudukan Wahyu dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat. Bandung: Mizan, 1992.

_____________, Tafsir al-Mishbāh: Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian al-Qur'an. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2000. Volume I s.d XV.

______________. Dia di Mana-mana: Tangan Tuhan di balik Setiap Fenomena. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2004.

______________. Logika Agama: Kedudukan Wahyu & Batas-Batas Akal dalam Islam. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2005.

______________. Menabur Pesan Ilahi: al-Qur’an dan Dinamika Kehidupan Masyarakat. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2006.

______________. Sunnah - Syiah Bergandengan Tangan! Mungkinkah? Kajian atas Konsep Ajaran dan Pemikiran. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2007.

______________. M. Quraish Shihab Menjawab…1001 Soal Keislaman yang Patut Anda Ketahui. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2008.

______________. Jin dalam al-Qur'an: Yang halus dan tak terlihat. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2010.

______________. Al-Qur'an dan Maknanya: Terjemahan Makna disusun oleh M. Quraish Shihab. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, Agustus 2010.

______________. Membumikan al-Qur'an Jilid 2: Memfungsikan Wahyu dalam Kehidupan. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2011.

______________. Al-lubab: Makna, Tujuan, dan Pelajaran dari Surah-Surah Al-Qur'an. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2012. Volume I s.d IV.

______________. Kumpulan 101 Kultum Tentang Islam: Akidah, Akhlak, Fiqih, Tasawuf, Kehidupan setelah Kematian. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2016.

______________. Yang Hilang dari Kita, Akhlak. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2016.

Siahaan, Amiruddin. “Profesionalitas Guru Menurut M. Quraish Shihab dalam Tafsīr Al-Mishbāḥ”. Disertasi, Pascasarjana UIN Sumatera Utara, 2016.

Tafsir, Ahmad.Filsafat Ilmu: Mengurai Ontologi, Epistemologi dan Aksiologi Pengetahuan, cet. 8. Bandung: Rosdakarya, 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30829/tar.v26i2.486

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


INDEXING

 

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Tarbiyah by UIN Sumatera Utara Medan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/index.php/tarbiyah.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/index.php/tarbiyah/about/submissions#copyrightNotice.