PRAGMATIC TRANSFER IN THE SPEECH ACT OF PROMISE AMONG STUDENTS

Benni Ichsanda Rahman

Abstract


The study is focused on investigating the English Department Students of Semarang State University perform the speech act of promise, the most dominant strategies used, the factors influence the students in performing promise, and to analyze the pragmatic transfer occurred in their English conversations. The respondents of this study were 25 students of the sixth semester English Department, Undergraduate Program, Semarang State University. The data were collected by Discourse Completion Task (DCT). The responses were classified into 13 promise strategies as proposed by Gibbs & Delaney (1987). Furthermore, their responses which contained the pragmatic transfer were also identified and interpreted into two types of pragmatic transfer based on Kasper (1992): pragma-linguistic transfer and socio-pragmatic transfer. Using the DCT, 245 responses in English and 168 responses in Bahasa Indonesia were collected. The result showed that the respondents dominantly used “explicit promise” strategy (26.53 %) in English illustration, and “future act” strategy (23.31 %) in Bahasa Indonesia illustration. Moreover, the most dominant factor that influenced promise performance was the social power level, followed by social distance, formality, and last rank of imposition. Last, there were pragmatic transfers occurred in performing the promise. The students still transferred their L1 cultural norms into English interactions specifically in making promise, both in pragma-linguistic transfer and socio-pragmatic transfer.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Blum-Kulka, S. House, J. Kasper, G. 1989. Cross Cultural Pragmatic: Requests and Apologies. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing

Brown, P. & Levinson, S.C. 1996. Politeness, Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gibbs, R.W. Jr & Delaney, S.M. 1987. Pragmatic Factors in Making and Understanding Promises, Discourse Processes. CA: University of California

Kasper, G. 1992. Pragmatic transfer. Second Language Research, 8(3): 203-231.

Mey, J.L. 2001. Pragmatics: an Introduction (2nd Edition). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Searle, J.R. 1969. Speech Acts: An Essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.