THE HISTORICAL OF GROWTH ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSE

Ernita Daulay

Abstract


This study aims to understand English for Specific Purposes (ESP): a very significant branch of ELT that includes various linguistic efforts to define it, trace its historical growth, discuss its characteristics, and try to find out its scope and purpose. Although many conflicting views have been reported in defining ESP but there seems to be an eventual agreement that it is limited to teaching English to students who have specific goals and objectives: these goals may be professional, academic or scientific. Thus it is not a special discipline that is major in ESP but the specific goals of certain students. The same thing has been reinforced by discussions related to the absolute characteristics and variables. The historical growth of ESP has also been traced and it has been reported that although considered a modern approach, ESP textbooks exist even in the sixteenth century. It was found that the purpose of the ESP course was to enable students to function adequately in the target situation. Thus the ESP program must be directed towards the goal, directed by students and directed by the situation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anthony, L. (1997). English for Specific Purposes: What does it mean? Why is it Different? CUE, 5 (3), 9-10.

Carter, D. (1983). Some Propositions about ESP. The ESP Journal, 2, 131-137.

Evens, D & St.John, M. J. (1998). Developments in ESP: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 4-5.

Gvardjancic, A., (2001). Introduction. in: Issues and Ideas: Problem-Based Learning, Slovenian Association of LSP Teachers (Gvardjancic, A.; Boothe, D.; Vukadinovic, N.), eds; Ljubljana. 7- 12.

Hadley, J., (2006). Needs analysis in ESP . In: English for specific Purposes in the Arab World (Lahlou, M S; Richardson, A), eds; TESOL Arabia : Dubai. 3- 6.

Howatt, A., (1984). A History of English Language Teaching , Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Hutchinson, T., and A. Waters, (1987). English for Specific Purposes: a Learning - Centered Approach , Cambridge University Press : Cambridge.

Hymes, D. M., (1972). On Communicative Competence. In: Sociolinguistics (Pride, J. B.; Holmes, J.), eds; Penguin Books. London. 269- 285.

Mackay, R.; Mountford, A. J. (1978). The Teaching of English for Specific Purposes: theory and practice. in: English for Specific Purposes: A case study approach. (Mackey, R.; Mountford A. J.), eds; Longman :London.

Strevens, P. (1988). ESP after twenty years: A re-appraisal. In M. Tickoo (Ed.), ESP: State of the Art. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Centre. 3 -13

Zahid, J. (2000). English for Specific Purposes: Its Definition, Characteristics, Scope and Purpose.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.